On Thursday, December 17, experts from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommended authorizing the emergency use of the coronavirus vaccine, developed by the American company Moderna. According to Bloomberg, 20 experts spoke in favor of the vaccine, one abstained. Nobody voted against.
Moderna is expected to receive official permission on December 18th. The mRNA-1273 vaccine contains a viral molecule – messenger RNA (mRNA), enclosed in a lipid nanoparticle. Manufacturers claim that the effectiveness of the vaccine in the initial analysis is 94.1%, in severe cases – 100%. In other words, there is a small risk of infection, but the disease will be mild.
More than 2,400 people have died in the United States over the past day from the effects of coronavirus infection. More than 170 thousand new infections have been identified. According to the Johns Hopkins University website, a total of 310,450 patients with COVID-19 have died in the United States since the beginning of the pandemic, the number of detected cases of infection exceeded 17.1 million.
United States President-elect Joe Biden promises to vaccinate 100 million Americans in the first 100 days of his rule. He himself intends to be vaccinated against coronavirus next week. Going to get vaccinated this week Vice President Mike Pence… The day before, Biden passed a coronavirus test and received a negative result. The reason for the check was the identification of COVID-19 at one of his advisers.
Reuters reports that members of the US Congress will be among the first to be vaccinated against the coronavirus.
The start of mass vaccination from December 21 was announced in Israel. Registration is already underway. First of all, doctors and those who, due to their professional activities, must come into contact with “risk groups” will be able to get vaccinated.
Mass vaccination began and in China… The first phase is scheduled to be completed by January 15, The South China Morning Post reported. 50 million people will be able to get vaccinated. The same number will be vaccinated by the end of the second stage – by February 5. This is important because the Chinese will celebrate the Lunar New Year on February 12th. Those who will be vaccinated in the first place include health care workers, police, military, firefighters, customs officers, movers, transport and logistics workers. Recall that the population of China according to the most recent data (2019) is 1.4 billion people.
In the USA, two vaccines have already received FDA approval – Moderna and Pfizer / BioNTech. The latter is also used in Great Britain and Canada.
In tens of millions of people around the world, vaccines against coronavirus are causing concern and distrust. They are based on the fact that these drugs were developed in record time. In addition, they use technologies that have not been previously used anywhere and by anyone.
However, experts say coronavirus vaccines are as safe as vaccines against influenza, measles, polio and other diseases. In theory, any vaccine can cause an unwanted reaction, but this is extremely unlikely.
No drug is complete without side effects. This does not mean that all of them or at least one will manifest itself in every patient. Side effects are possible and are considered a normal body reaction. Most often, these are short-term mild to moderate reactions that go away without serious complications – pain at the injection site, headache, muscle pain, chills, fever, feeling tired. As a rule, all these side effects disappear within a couple of days.
For some, the ability to perform daily tasks may deteriorate within a few days, but people are warned about this.
The authoritative scientific journal Science emphasizes that in the case of both American vaccines against coronavirus, most of those vaccinated did not have serious side effects. In less than 2%, the temperature rose to 39-40 degrees, but this lasted no more than a day.
“Most vaccines have minor side effects. Basically, it is the body’s immune and inflammatory response to the vaccine. This is the immune response that is needed “, – stated Yvonne Maldonado, epidemiologist at Stanford University to journalists.
With the start of vaccination, reports of acute allergic reactions to some vaccines began to appear. So far, two such cases have been officially recorded in the UK and one in the United States. Both Pfizer / BioNTech vaccines were used. However, in all three cases, the patients are allergic, and with a severe form. The British, for example, even carried a special adrenaline syringe with them. They are doing well now.